5 Russian doctors who changed the world

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One of the directions of the New Generation Program is cooperation with young doctors and medical volunteers. Thus, the partner of our program, the All-Russian Public Movement "Medical Volunteers", in October last year acted as the organizer of the International Forum of Medical Volunteers in Ivanovo. More than 500 activists of volunteer movement from 50 countries of near and far abroad became its participants, among them 32 delegates of "New Generation".

Today we will talk about great doctors to whom Russian medicine owes its glorious traditions. Nowadays, these traditions are continued by the participants of the "New Generation".

Nikolai Pirogov. Despite the fact that the first operations using ether and chloroform anesthesia were performed in the West, anesthesia became widely used due to the Russian surgeon Nikolai Pirogov.

Sergey Botkin. In the 1860s, at the initiative of the Russian physician Sergei Botkin, the Epidemiological Society was opened. As part of the work of society, the doctor first described the mechanisms of hepatitis A. Also, thanks to a doctor in Russia, the first ambulance, the prototype of the future Ambulance, appeared.

Nikolay Sklifosovsky. Sklifosovsky was one of the first to do urological operations, operate on the stomach, liver, gall bladder and thyroid gland. The physician also made a great contribution to the development of anesthesia. In Moscow the the Research Institute of Emergency Care is named after N, Sklifosovsky. This is one of the most famous medical institutions in Russia, which, by the way, was visited by the participants of the forum of medical volunteers from the "New Generation" during their stay in Moscow, before leaving for Ivanovo.

Ivan Pavlov. A huge contribution to the development of physiology was made by Russian academician Ivan Pavlov. His scientific career began with the study of the heart and circulatory system, and later the scientist devoted himself to the study of the digestive system. The discoveries made by Pavlov influenced not only medicine and biology, but also psychiatry.

Vladimir Vinogradov. With the name of Vladimir Vinogradov, the introduction into clinical practice of the examination methods that are familiar today — gastroscopy and bronchoscopy — is associated with the use of radioisotope diagnostics for diseases of the thyroid gland. The academician made a huge contribution to the development of cardiology, in particular to the treatment of myocardial infarction.